The Most Important Thing You Can Do To Help Your Child Be Successful
I realized this week that I’ve fallen into a common (and all-to-familiar) parenting trap again – I’ve allowed urgent issues to crowd out the important ones. Once again, homework, housework, and sports practices have crowded out time for meaningful conversations and the quiet time I need for reflecting and planning. The good news is that I’m not alone (yes, I see you over there). The even better news is that I’ve been here before, and I know how we can get out.
I’m often overwhelmed when I think about big issues like climate change, poverty, and our warped healthcare system. I’m too busy to get my hair cut, so how am I supposed to help the polar bears? But even things that are closer to home and more immediately relevant, like thinking deeply about what I want my sons to know before they go out into the world, and what I can do to help them develop the knowledge and skills they’ll need, can feel too daunting to consider. But here’s the key – I don’t have to make an enormous list and do a lot of planning, because even one thing can be enough to make a world of difference.
Fortunately, figuring out what our kids need to be successful has been the subject of much research lately. And while there are many character traits and experiences that can help them grow into healthy, happy adults, the experts pretty much agree that there’s one thing in particular that will ensure their success in life: persistence.
Persistence is the ability to stay focused and committed to something, regardless of challenges and setbacks, and it’s an even stronger predictor of success than natural talent or intelligence. Sometimes this trait is called “grit”, and it isn’t something that comes naturally to all of us in every moment. But we can cultivate it through our beliefs and habits, and we can help our kids learn to do this, too. Here’s how:
- Teach a “growth mindset”. Teach your child that intelligence and abilities are not “fixed” – they can be cultivated with effort. As reported in “Mindset, The New Psychology of Success”, Stanford researcher Carol Dweck has found that, “Although people may differ in every which way – in their initial talents and aptitudes, interests, or temperaments – everyone can change and grow through application and experience.”
- Encourage inquiry and curiosity. Once kids adopt a growth mindset, self-motivation for learning and curiosity will naturally emerge. Asking meaningful questions will help stimulate curiosity, according to Daniel Willingham in “Why Don’t Students Like School?”, and will support students in staying engaged and focused.
- Plan for failure. Failure is certainly difficult, but learning to embrace it as a natural part of the learning and growing process, and seizing it as an opportunity to reflect and develop even more meaningful questions, will support our kids in persevering through it. In fact, in his book “The Power of Habit”, Charles Duhigg suggests that those of us who make an actual plan for failure consistently respond more effectively when it happens.
- Foster emotional awareness. Frustration and other negative emotions can throw anyone off track. According to Dan Siegel in “The Whole Brain Child”, the simple act of recognizing and naming these emotions when they flood our children’s pre-frontal cortex, the decision-making area of the brain, allows our kids to “make sense of the experience and feel more in control” so they can make better choices and continue to move forward.
And who knows? Just maybe, with a little luck, our persevering kids will actually solve the problems of climate change, poverty, and healthcare so I can stop worrying about polar bears and finally focus on cleaning out my kitchen pantry.